Why animal testing should be banned essay, Why animal testing should be banned essay
Cruel Practices Animals are a soft target for human beings; it is however, not fair to take undue advantage of their helplessness. It should be understood that a monkey or a mouse would experience the same amount of pain that human beings would do, on being made to undergo certain painful procedures. Why animal testing should be banned essay
Animal Use in Scientific Testing Should Be Stopped
The use of animals in scientific experimentation has been debated widely. Several studies have shown that animal testing is unethical and ineffective, and alternative methods of study should be developed and adopted. Proponents argue that animals have body systems that are similar to those of humans, and are the most effective study objects. On the contrary, opponents argue that subjecting animals to cruelty is inhumane and should be banned. Millions of animals are bred in laboratories around the world for use in the development of new drugs, most of which are dangerous or fail to work on human beings. Animals should not be used in scientific experimentation because it is unethical, dangerous, and unreliable and better alternatives exist.
Animal testing is unethical because it subjects animals to cruelty and suffering that can be avoided. Surveys have shown that animals like rabbits, dogs, monkeys, and guinea pigs are killed, poisoned, or infected with diseases for study purposes (Akhtar, 2015). They experience fear, intense pain, and loneliness as they are reared in small cages that restrict their freedom. It is immoral to kill animals and make them suffer to conduct experiments, the majority of which fail (Akhtar, 2015).
Moreover, alternative methods that are considered ethical are available. They include in-vitro methods, advanced computer-modeling techniques, human volunteers, human-patient simulators, and miniature organs. Each year, 115 million animals are used in scientific experiments to test new drugs or evaluate the progression of a certain disease ("Arguments against animal testing," 2019).
Despite the high number of test subjects, only 59 drugs were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2018. This is proof of the low levels of efficiency of animals as test subjects, as well as the waste of animals, the majority of which are killed. The field is poorly regulated. Therefore, millions of animals that are bred primarily for experimentation are at a high risk of neglect and cruelty (Akhtar, 2015).
As mentioned earlier, the majority of cures tested on animals fail to work on humans. For example, Vioxx was developed as a remedy for arthritis and tested successfully on animal subjects. After extensive tests on 6 animal species, the drug was ruled safe for human use. However, since its introduction, it has caused more than 320,000 heart complications and 140,000 deaths around the world ("Arguments against animal testing," 2019). In 2016, a volunteer died and four others experienced brain damages after being treated with a drug that had been tested on rats, dogs, mice, and monkeys ("Arguments against animal testing," 2019).
The trial conducted in France was aimed at developing a drug that would be used to treat a plethora of diseases, including Parkinson’s disease and anxiety. The failure occurred, even after extensive tests on animals. Many studies have shown that animals are ineffective and unreliable test subjects because they are different from human beings (Akhtar, 2015). In addition, the majority of the diseases that affect humans do not affect animals. The use of animals to test fialuridine, a drug developed to treat Hepatitis B, provided unreliable results because it led to severe liver damage and deaths when applied to people.
Animals should not be used in scientific testing because they provide unreliable results. Biologically, animal and human bodies are structurally different. In addition, they react differently to infections and diseases. Surveys have shown that approximately 90 percent of all drugs tested in animals fail to work in human beings. For example, only 5% of all cancer drugs have been approved for human use despite being tested in animals and described as safe ("Arguments against animal testing," 2019). About 100 vaccines that have been developed for the cure of HIV were efficacious in animals during testing but failed when applied to people.
The use of rats, mice, and rabbits to test the potency of drugs in human beings has little significance because of the irrelevant statistical insights they provide. Moreover, the accuracy levels obtained using monkeys are as poor as those generated from other animal species. Studies have shown that only 19% of the hazardous side effects that affect humans due to drug use can be predicted through animal subjects ("Arguments against animal testing," 2019). The low accuracy of using animals to test drugs should be proof enough that alternative methods should be adopted.
Many scientists have argued that the use of animals in scientific experimentation has failed as the rate of success is very low. The majority of drugs developed fail to work in human beings. Millions of animals are tortured and killed every year in laboratories around the world. Opponents of animal testing have criticized the practice and advocated for the use of alternative methods that are more accurate, inexpensive, and reliable.
Rats, mice, monkeys, dogs, and rabbits have been used many times to test the safety of drugs that later caused negative health outcomes on human beings. The use of animals in scientific testing should be illegalized because it is unethical, better alternatives exist, buy essay online and it is dangerous as well as unreliable.
Arguments against animal testing. (2019). Web.
Akhtar, A. (2015). The flaws and human harms of animal experimentation. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 24(4), 407-419.
Why animal testing should be banned essay
When picking out your mascara or eyeliner, do you even stop to see what kind of makeup you are using? You could be supporting animal cruelty and not even know it. Today many makeup products, such as mascara, are being tested on animals. Helpless and defenseless animals are being performed on for different types of experiments all around the world. Most of the things being performed in these labs you could never imagine one human being doing to another. I believe that animal testing should be banned because it is cruel, not very reliable, inaccurate, and is proved to be unnecessary.
Animal testing is arrogant and incredibly cruel. Like us, animals can feel pain and fear, but also excitement and satisfaction. Close contact with animals shows that they look forward to some extents, and can clearly get a lot of enjoyment from their lives, be it from basking in the sun, exercising, eating favorite food, or interacting with others, as in playing and mutual grooming. Certainly animals don't have the same abilities as humans. They can't talk, write books or drive cars, but neither can some humans. We don't ask how intelligent a person is before we decide whether to eat them or experiment on them. Regardless of intelligence, their life still has value to them.
Use of animals clearly violates animals' right to live without suffering pain or emotional distress. A range of household products including cosmetics and cleaners are routinely tested on animals to determine how safe the products are for human use. Some of these animals are subjected to pain in tests of skin or eye irritancy; others are killed while establishing the lethal dose of chemical products.
In animal experiments, animals can be burned, cut, mutilated, poisoned, buy essay online turned into drug addicts or alcoholics, given diseases such as cancer or arthritis, crippled, blinded, starved, and brain damaged. Most of the time the animals are denied painkiller, for fear of affect.
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Free Argumentative Essay On Animal Testing Should Be Banned
Arguably, animal testing has been an emotive subject with a lot of ethical, moral, and medical debate, and controversy for many decades. What we should all ask is, does the payback obtained by human beings from animal experimentation justify the inhumane, and harm caused to animals? Billions of animals in the world are killed in laboratories for experimental purposes (Monamy 17). Additionally, most of the animals die in the process of medical research, cosmetic experiments, as well as commercial research. Therefore, animal experimentation is harmful, inhumane, and cruel, and it should be banned.
Reasons why animal experimentation should be banned
Undoubtedly, if animal experimentation is exceptionally efficient, then why are there many cases of unsuccessful drug impacts in the field. It is argued by many medical practitioners that numerous medical advances are an outcome of animal experiment (Tilman 53). The argument is invalid, making it improper to use animals for experiment. The blood transfusion and blood groups of animals are incompatible to human blood. Therefore, when the experiment works in animals, it is not a guarantee that it also becomes successful in human. Hence, we should eliminate the use of animals in medical experiments (Monamy 37).
In the 21st century, technology is more advanced; hence, experiments should be used to undertake the experiments rather than animals. It is so unnecessary to use animals in carrying out the experiments, yet there is an efficient and the first way of carrying it out. By use of advanced technology, human blood can be subjected to test making, leading to realistic results (Tilman 56). For example, Corrositex is a test carried out by use of protein membrane, instead of the skin of animals. Additionally, use of technology is cheaper, than using animals for experiment. Animals are used in experimenting house detergents, cosmetics and cleaning products, which is not relevant in the field of medicine (Orlans 127). The test of such detergents could be carried by other means. When animals die in the experiment, it is more less the same as murder in the human contest, making it morally wrong. It is unethical to use millions of animals with feeling and thinking capacity in the experimental research. It is importance to understand that, animals have feelings like human beings; hence, we should not subject animals to loneliness, fear, and pain in the laboratory cage (Orlans 128). Perhaps, animal experimentation is unquestionably an imperfect science.
Alternative methods to animal experimentation
Most of drugs and food that pass through animals have been reported to have negative effects, or fail to be effective in human. Animal experimentation, prolong the suffering, and pain of human, as well as wasting resources that could have been used in effective human experimentation. In order to eliminate the use of animals in experiment, buy essay scientist and researches need to utilize other means of experimentation (Tilman 54). This alternative ways include, computer models, (PBPK) physiologically based pharmacokinetics, human volunteers, and other technological means. If it is extremely necessary to use animals for the experiment, it should be guided by three principles, which are replacement, reduction, and refinement. Replacement means using other non-animals means, reductions mean using fewer animals to optimize information, and finally refinement means using methods that reduce suffering, distress, and pain (Orlans 128).
Conclusively animal experimentation should be banned entirely, and no animal should be subjected to brutality, torture, and pain. In fact, in the contemporary world non-animal experimental research is humane, less time consuming, less expensive, as well as, more accurate. Despite the fact that change comes slowly, many researches should switch to advanced ways of experimenting using technology. Animal experimentation prevents researches from achieving the relevant information, at the same time killing and causing harm to people and animals. Companies and other organization need to fight for animal rights, and prevent animal suffering. Therefore, as per my opinion animal experimentation should be banned.
Monamy, V. Animal Experimentation: A Guide to the Issue. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Orlans, B. The Human use of Animals: Case Studies in Ethical Choice. New York. Wiley, 1998.
Tilman, G. Science, Pseudo-Science, and Morals Values. London: Mazo Press, 2007.
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